ME Explained: Full Form, Colleges, Courses, Rankings and More



08 April, 2024

ME Explained: Full Form, Colleges, Courses, Rankings and More

What is Mechanical Engineering?

In order to study, design, create, adjust, and maintain the features of mechanical systems, mechanical engineering is one area of engineering that integrates engineering with physics, mathematics, and materials science principles. It is one of the oldest and most comprehensive engineering specialities.

Another important STEM in the engineering industry is mechanical engineering, which deals with the planning, modifying, customising, analysing, testing, and production of products and spare parts for everything from kids’ playthings to jets. Notably, more students study mechanical engineering than any other engineering discipline, making it the busiest branch of study.

ME is the engineering branch of science that deals with creating, manufacturing, and using machines. Mechanical engineers, however, go far beyond these fundamental concepts. They design and analyse manufacturing facilities, industrial machinery and equipment, transportation systems, heating and cooling systems, aircraft, boats, robotics, weapons, and many other things using tools and mechanisms like computer-aided design (CAD), computer-aided manufacturing (CAM), and product lifecycle management.

According to Shiv Nadar University, from 2021 to 2031, there will be a 7% growth in the need for mechanical engineers. It’s also projected that mechanical engineers will have access to 17,900 jobs annually on average during the next ten years.

How did Mechanical Engineering Gain Significance

The role of a mechanical engineer goes beyond basic manufacturing. They acquire skills that are important for using everyday tools.

As the most traditional engineering discipline, mechanical engineering has roots in composites, mechatronics, and nanotechnology. In varying degrees, it also shares some overlaps with other engineering disciplines, including manufacturing, metallurgical, civil, aerospace, electrical, chemical, and industrial engineering.

Mechanical engineers discovered electricity. Mobile phones, trains, and printing presses were all created by them. Knowing that new technologies will enhance lives for years to come, mechanical engineers can make them. Don’t miss your chance to become the next inventor for people!

About the Courses and Subjects

  • The B.Tech programme in mechanical engineering is a four-year, full-time programme broken up into eight semesters.<
  • The area of mechanical engineering is broad and encompasses many different topics. The following are some common disciplines you might face in a standard mechanical engineering programme, while the curriculum might differ from one university to another: Mathematics and Calculus, Thermodynamics, Fluid Mechanics, Mechanics of Materials, Materials Science, Engineering Graphics and CAD, Mechatronics, Engineering Thermodynamics, Automotive Engineering, Aerodynamics, Energy Conversion and Power Plants and Robotics.
  • In addition to electives in the humanities, social sciences, business, and arts, students can combine basic science, math, and engineering programmes.

Specialisations and Courses

Mechanical Engineering has a different range of specialisations that you can pick from. Let us look at 15 different specialisations:

Specialisation Description
Controls and robotics Engineers in this specialisation study artificial intelligence and advanced mechanical robotics, with coursework covering aerospace vehicle automation, probability, statistical methods, and algorithms. Career opportunities include aerospace, military, defence, and automotive industries.
Fluid mechanics and thermal systems Concentrate on understanding thermodynamics and fluid behaviour in various mediums, from ocean currents to atmospheric turbulence. Engineers study fluid dynamics, mass flow, and energy conservation to enhance power transfer efficiency. Career prospects include energy conservation, astrophysics, and industries requiring expertise in predicting fluid and gas movement.
Mechanics of materials This course focuses on the dynamics of solid and soft materials in applications like manufacturing, energy, and biomedical engineering. Students explore finite element methods and biomaterials, preparing for manufacturing, design, and development careers, where they contribute to efficiency improvements and product innovation.
Materials science and engineering Examines the intersection of chemistry and physics to address nanotechnology, biotechnology, and energy challenges. Coursework covers material selection, fabrication, and analysis, leading to careers in healthcare, chemical engineering, and other sectors requiring expertise in material properties and applications.
Renewable energy and environmental flows This specialisation focuses on technologies improving energy flow from natural sources such as the atmosphere, ocean, and groundwater. Students learn about energy systems and conversion methods for sustainability. Career paths include energy companies and environmental organisations, focusing on renewable energy solutions.
Computational engineering Involves engineering design using simulation software, utilising mathematics and algorithms to model scenarios and predict outcomes. Engineers develop software for various industries, including technology and manufacturing, enabling efficient design solutions.
Automotive design Specialises in designing and developing vehicles and analysing and optimising mechanical systems. Engineers learn about material handling, tool path planning, sensor systems, and quality control, primarily seeking opportunities in the automotive industry.
Machine design and development Machine design and development specialisation broadens the focus to design and develop various machines beyond automotive applications. Engineers study modelling, materials, and aerodynamics to create effective and aesthetically pleasing products for automotive, aerospace, manufacturing, and technology industries.
Automation and control systems In this the engineers apply control systems in mechanical projects like motion control systems and biomedical devices, serving industries requiring precise control and automation.
Mechatronics This has mechanics, and computing to develop interdisciplinary solutions. Engineers may work in automobile manufacturing and healthcare, combining knowledge from multiple disciplines to improve efficiency and safety.
Robotics The field of robotics specialises in the combination of computer systems and mechanical and electrical engineering.
Nanotechnology This specialisation provides a basic understanding of nanotechnology and its many applications in various fields, such as environmental science, biotechnology, forensic science, security, and the defence sector.
Marine engineering Marine engineering specialisation focuses on the use of many engineering fields, such as computer science, electrical, mechanical, and electronic engineering, to the development, design, and maintenance of ocean systems and watercraft propulsion.
Combustion engineering The engineering speciality of combustion engineering involves waste management, propulsion, energy generation, and heating.

Source: 15 Mechanical Engineering Specialisations

Core Subjects in ME

Mechanical Engineering core subjects focus on exploring and upskilling your mechanical skills, including understanding the dynamics of thermodynamics, solid mechanics, numerical analysis, and structural analysis. Let us now look at some of the common core subjects in Mechanical Engineering:

Subject Subject Description
Solid Mechanics The core subject of solid mechanics focuses on one-, two-, and three-dimensional elastic solids. It also investigates the tension, bending, and torsion solutions for one-dimensional structural members and their material properties.
Thermodynamics It focuses on introducing the law of thermodynamics, thermodynamic systems, and thermodynamics properties.
Engineering Metallurgy This focuses on the physical and chemical properties of metal.
Fluid Mechanics The core subject of Fluid Mechanics focuses on fluid mechanics and thermal systems, the principles of thermodynamics and the movement of thermal energy.
Strength of Materials Study of material strength, stress, and strain, along with equations and their practical applications.
Mechanical Measurement This involves exploring measurement systems, instruments, and techniques for determining unknown quantities relative to defined standards.
Manufacturing Processes This is the study of various manufacturing techniques, including casting processes, their steps, types, and associated defects.
Numerical Analysis It involves an introduction to algorithms, error analysis, and numerical methods for solving engineering problems.
Heat Transfer This subject deals with discussion of heat transfer mechanisms like conduction, convection, and radiation, and their practical applications.
Kinematics and Dynamics of Machines This is an analysis of mechanical systems’ movements and forces, emphasising problem-solving and understanding of calculated results.
Machine Design Machine design is an exploration of design principles and processes in mechanical engineering, focusing on applications and design steps.
CAD and Finite Element Analysis CAD and finite element analysis is the study of numerical techniques for element analysis and geometric modelling, with applications in mechanical engineering.

Admission Process for ME Programmes

Collated below are the common requirements for admission to the mechanical engineering program. Let us take a glance at some of the basic requirements:

  • You must pass a bachelor’s degree in science or technology or its equivalent from a reputable University recognized by the UGC.
  • You must score a minimum of 55% aggregate in the last degree.
  • Must complete your 10+2 with PCM (Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics) and optional subjects like biotechnology or computer science are a requirement.
  • There is no age bar for applying to the ME course.
  • Additionally, entrance exams specific to mechanical engineering programs may be required for admission.

Modes of Learning

For your Mechanical Engineering programme, you will find various options to pursue courses that fulfil your preferences and lifestyles. You can pursue Mechanical Engineering through different learning modes such as regular, distance, and online. Moreover, you can decide whether to take the course full-time or part-time.

Let’s explore all the modes available in the Mechanical Engineering programme:

Full-Time Mechanical Engineering:

Full-time Mechanical Engineering is the right choice for you if you’re willing to learn on campus and actively engage in different activities on campus.

The full-time Mechanical Engineering program offers various class participation, projects, and internship opportunities. You will engage with your faculty, classmates, and seniors in Mechanical Engineering.

Part-Time Mechanical Engineering:

Part-time Mechanical Engineering is for people who want to manage work and education hand-in-hand. Part-time Mechanical Engineering programmes enable you to attend classes at your own pace while you hustle the real world at the same time. This type of program will allow you great flexibility and offer a suitable schedule according to your daily life. Classes are mostly scheduled for evenings or the weekends whichever you can attend.

Distance Mechanical Engineering:

Suppose you want to pursue mechanical engineering at a good university but are unavailable for regular classes or live far away from the main campus. In that case, you can opt for distance mechanical engineering. The distance engineering will allow you a flexible schedule and a freedom to study at your own pace. You can go for distance mechanical engineering if you are doing a job. That way you can balance your studies and work while you jump-start your education.

Top Institutes for Mechanical Engineering Programmes in India

College Name Fees (in Lakhs)
Indian Institute of Technology- Bombay (IIT-B) INR 9,00,000
Indian Institute of Technology- Madras (IIT-M) INR 8,00,000
Indian Institute of Technology- Delhi (IIT-D) INR 8,08,150
Indian Institute of Technology- Kharagpur (IIT-K) INR 8,46,000
National Institute of Technology- Tiruchirappalli (NIT-T) INR 6,25,700
Indian Institute of Technology – Roorkee (IIT-R) INR 2,91,600
Indian Institute of Technology – Kanpur (IIT-K) INR 8,31,000
Indian Institute of Technology – Guwahati (IIT-G) INR 9,04,000
Indian Institute of Technology – Hyderabad (IIT-H) NR 8,88,000
National Institute of Technology – Surathkal (NIT-S) INR 5,73,820

Entrance Exams for B.Tech in Mechanical Engineering (Tentative)

Exam Exam Dates
JEE Main Session 2: 4 Apr ’24 – 15 Apr ’24
JEE Advance 26th May ’24
BITSAT May ’24 (Tentative)
KEAM 1 June ’24 to 9 June ‘24
CUET 15 May ’24 – 31 May ’24
KCET 18 Apr ’24 – 19 Apr ’24
WBJEE 28 Apr ’24
MHTCET PCB – April 22, 23, 24, 28, 29 and 30, 2024
PCM – May 2, 3, 4, 9, 10, 11, 15, 16 and 17, 2024
COMEDK UGET 12 May ’24
VITEEE 19 Apr ’24 – 30 Apr ’24
TS EAMCET 7 May ‘24 – 11 may ‘24

How to Find the Right Mechanical Engineering (ME) College?

When you’re selecting the ideal or the right college for mechanical engineering, it’s more than just choosing a place to study – it’s about writing your essential needs, setting your career goals and then matching your list to the actual colleges which are available for you. Let us help you to make the ideal guiding compass for your mechanical engineering journey.

Take a look at the list below which will guide you on how to pick the right college for Mechanical Engineering:

  • Consider your long-term career goals and program alignment. Look out for colleges offering specialisations supporting your career path.
  • Assess tuition costs and expenses to ensure alignment with your budget and financial plans.
  • Research college reputation, faculty expertise, facilities, and industry partnerships.
  • Explore placement track record, types of recruiting companies, and average placement rates.
  • Evaluate curriculum relevance, practical experience opportunities, and industry collaborations.
  • Research more on job roles, salary packages and market requirements for your career path.
  • Lastly, apply to the college that works best for you.

Career Opportunities with Salaries

Mechanical Engineering has vast job roles with a good package all over India. You can also get an online certification in Mechanical Engineering for placement in a good company with a decent package. Here are the top technical job roles with salary packages:

Job Profile Salary
Aerospace Engineer INR 14,00,000/year
Mechanical Engineer Manager INR 11,00,000/year
Maintenance Manager INR 11,00,000/year
Research and Development Engineer INR 9,00,000/year
Nuclear Engineer INR 90,585/month
Powertrain Engineer INR 9,00,000/year
Senior Design Engineer INR 7,00,000/year
Tool Engineer INR 7,00,000/year
Automation Engineer INR 6,36,740/year
Instrumentation Engineer INR 6,00,000/year

Source: 10 Highest Paying Mechanical Engineering Jobs


Mechanical Engineering (ME) in India is one of the most popular programmes of all time. Mechanical engineering coursework is not the book scrape knowledge but it provides a lifetime skill to your career. Most of the universities which provide Mechanical Engineering coursework incorporate an infield and practical learning environment. This kind of learning enhances your skills and your job market value. By enrolling in the top institutes for Mechanical Engineering you will be opening the golden gates of high packages and great recruitment ahead. Make sure to keep your list of colleges and budget with you while you discover the road to success.

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