PG Full Form: Insights Into Popular PG Programmes



11 May, 2024

PG Full Form: Insights Into Popular PG Programmes

Are you wondering what “PG” means in the context of education? In this blog let’s explore the term “PG” and give you an overview of the varied domain of postgraduate programmes in India. We shall also explore the options and benefits afforded by postgraduate programmes, whether you’re a professional looking to advance your skills and expertise or a recent graduate considering your next academic step.

PG Full Form

The full form of PG is  “Postgraduate.” It refers to academic programmes pursued after completing an undergraduate (UG) degree. These programmes are designed to explore specific subjects or fields, allowing students to gain advanced knowledge, skills, and expertise in their chosen discipline/domain. The duration of these programmes depends on the particular course and organisation. In India, postgraduate courses typically last one to two years. If you want to pursue postgraduate studies in any discipline, then you must do in-depth research.

Top 11 PG Programmes in India

There are various PG programmes in India. If you have completed graduation from a recognised university, you are eligible to pursue post-graduation (PG). Check out the below types of PG programmes in detail.

1. Master of Business Administration (MBA)

An MBA Degree equips you with advanced business knowledge and leadership skills. You will learn about areas like finance, marketing, human resources, and strategy, preparing you for managerial roles across various industries. MBA offers specialisations in different domains such as:

  • Operations Management

  • Human Resource Management

  • Financial Management

  • Marketing Management

  • Information Technology

  • Entrepreneurship & Leadership and many more

PG Course Name Master of Business Administration (MBA)
Duration 2 Years
Eligibility Criteria – 10th Class Certificate
– 12th Class Certificate
– Bachelor’s Degree in any stream with a minimum of 40%
Study Stream Management
Admission Criteria – CAT
Career Opportunities – Management consulting
– Financial Analyst
– HR Manager
– Business Analytics
– Marketing Manager
– Operations management
Top Colleges – Amity University
– Chandigarh University
– SRM University
– Jain University

2. Master of Science (M.Sc.)

MSc courses are 2-year duration PG courses. It focuses on a specific field of study within the science subjects. M.Sc degree deepens your knowledge in a specific scientific field, like biology, chemistry, or physics. You’ll conduct research, analyse data, and develop expertise in your chosen scientific discipline. It provides specialisations in the following domains.

  • MSc Biochemistry

  • MSc Actuarial Science

  • MSc Engineering

  • MSc Inorganic Chemistry

  • MSc Mathematics

  • MSc Data Science

  • MSc Clinical Research

  • MSc Electronics

  • MSc Physics

PG Course Name Master of Science (M.Sc.)
Duration 2 Years
Eligibility Criteria – 10th Class Certificate
– 12th Class Certificate
– Bachelor’s degree in Science from a recognised college/university.
Study Stream Science
Admission Criteria – CUET PG
– Online Application
Career Opportunities – Scientist
– Data Analyst
– Research Assistant
– Data Scientist
– Statistician
Top Colleges – LPU Online
– Online Manipal
– Chandigarh University

3. Master of Technology (M.Tech)

Expand your engineering expertise through an M.Tech 2-year duration programme. If you are from an engineering background and completed with B.Tech then you can pursue an It will help you in getting technology-related job opportunities. Some of the M.Tech specialisations are listed below.

  • Mechanical Engineering

  • Electronic engineering

  • Chemical Engineering

  • Cybersecurity

  • Electrical engineering

  • Environmental engineering

  • Information Technology

  • Aerospace Engineering

PG Course Name Master of Technology (M.Tech)
Duration 2 Years
Eligibility Criteria – 10th Class Certificate
– 12th Class Certificate
– B.Tech from a recognised college/university.
Study Stream Engineering
Admission Criteria – GATE
– Online Application
Career Opportunities – Software Engineer
– Software Developer
– Research Analyst
– Web Designing
– IT and Software Firms
Top Colleges – Delhi Technical University
– Indian Institute of Technology, Madras
– National Institute of Technology
– Amity University, Noida

4. Master of Arts (M.A.)

Master of Arts (M.A.) dwells advanced study in humanities and social sciences subjects like history, literature, psychology, or sociology. You’ll develop critical thinking, research, and communication skills in your chosen field. It is a 2-year duration programme pursued after a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.). Some of the MA specialisations are listed below.

  • MA Psychology

  • MA Communication Studies

  • MA Philosophy

  • MA Archaeology

  • MA Sociology

  • MA Religious Studies

  • MA Geography

PG Course Name Master of Arts (M.A.)
Duration 2 Years
Eligibility Criteria Candidates with a bachelor’s degree (preferably arts (B.A.)) or its equivalent (10+2+3 )
Study Stream Humanities
Admission Criteria – JUNEE
– Online Application
Career Opportunities – Graphic Designer
– Art Teacher
– Teacher
– Journalist
– Artist
– Writer
Top Colleges – Delhi University
– Jawaharlal University
– Jamia Millia Islamia University

5. Master of Computer Applications (MCA)

Master of Computer Applications (MCA) degree course builds upon your computer science background. You will gain advanced programming skills, software development expertise, and knowledge of various computer applications, preparing you for IT careers. MCA is usually pursued by BCA degree courses. Some of the MCA specialisations are listed below.

  • MCA in Data Analytics

  • MCA in Cyber Security

  • MCA in Data Science.

  • MCA in Artificial Intelligence

  • MCA in Cloud Computing

  • MCA in Management Information Systems

PG Course Name Master of Computer Applications (MCA)
Duration 2 Years
Eligibility Criteria Candidates with BCA /B.Sc./ BIT/ B.E/ B. Tech, with Mathematics or Statistics as one of the subjects from a recognized institution with a course duration of a minimum of 3 years.
Study Stream Computer Science
Admission Criteria Online Application
Career Opportunities – Software Developer
– Hardware Engineer
– Business Analyst
– Database Engineer
– Technical writer
Top Colleges – Amity University Noida
– D Y Patil University Vidyapeeth
– Chandigarh University (CU)

6. Master of Commerce (M.Com)

Master of Commerce (M.Com) is a commerce-related degree. It is offered to students with a commerce background in 12th standard and graduation. You can learn business and commerce with an M.Com. Programmes explore accounting, finance, economics, and business management, equipping you for advanced careers in these fields. The list of specialisation is given below.

  • Financial Accounting

  • Managerial Economics

  • Corporate Finance

  • Business Law and Ethics

  • Marketing Management

  • Human Resource Management

  • Strategic Management

  • International Business

PG Course Name Master of Commerce (M.Com)
Duration 3 Years
Eligibility Criteria 50% aggregate in Bachelors or BCom or BCom (H) from a recognised university or college
Study Stream Commerce
Admission Criteria Online Application
Career Opportunities – Financial Analyst
– Investment Banker
– Tax Advisor
– Accountant
– Auditor
Top Colleges – Jain University
– Manipal University
– Calicut University

7. Master of Laws (LLM)

Master of Laws (LLM) is a specialised degree for law graduates seeking expertise in a particular legal area, like tax law, international law, or intellectual property law.  An LLM allows you to specialise and advance your legal career. You can pursue an LLM after completing an LLB degree. Some colleges also offer LLB-LLM integrated courses.

PG Course Name Master of Laws (LLM)
Duration 2 Years
Eligibility Criteria Candidates must have completed an LLB or a five-year integrated LLB from a recognised university.
Study Stream Law
Admission Criteria – CUET LLM
– Online Application
Career Opportunities – Corporate lawyer
– Legal Advisor
– Advocate
– Civil advocate
– Judge
Top Colleges – Amity University
– Manav Rachna University
– SRM University

8. Master of Pharmacy (MPharm)

Master Of Pharmacy (MPharm) is a two-year post-graduate (PG) programme. The study of pharmaceuticals and medications is the focus of pharmaceutical sciences, which form the basis of this course. It improves students’ theoretical, technical, and practical understanding of pharmacy while piqueing their interest in conducting additional pharmaceutical research.

PG Course Name Master of Pharmacy (MPharm)
Duration 2 Years
Eligibility Criteria Candidates must hold a bachelor’s degree in pharmacy (BPharm) with a minimum percentage of marks ranging from 45% to 60%, depending on the college.
Study Stream Medicine
Admission Criteria – CUET PG
– Online Application
Career Opportunities – Medical Transcriptionist
– Health Care Unit Manager
– Lab Technician
– Drug Inspector
– Research Associate
Top Colleges – Jamia Hamdard University
– Punjab University
– National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER)
– Institute of Chemical Technology (ICT), Mumbai

9. Master of Education (MEd)

Master of Education is a 2-year postgraduate programme. The purpose of an MEd is to assist instructors in improving their teaching skills, pedagogy, and subject matter expertise. In addition, it can put educators in a position to advance into leadership positions, such as those of higher education administrators, legislators, or school principals.

PG Course Name Master of Education (MEd)
Duration 2 Years
Eligibility Criteria Candidates who have obtained a B.Ed. degree are eligible for admission
Study Stream Education
Admission Criteria – Online Application
– Merit-Based
Career Opportunities – Education Consultant
– Instructional Coordinator
– School Counselor
– Policy Analyst
– Tutor
– Educational Researcher
Top Colleges – Himachal Pradesh University
– Banaras Hindu University
– University of Delhi
– Amity University Noida

10. Post Graduate Diploma (PGD)

PGD is a postgraduate degree that follows a university degree, adding to the original degree and granting a graduate diploma. There are various types of PGD. It can be certification courses or management courses also. The two-year Post Graduate Diploma in Management (PGDM) programme allows management aspirants to acquire the necessary hard and soft skills to become market-ready management professionals. It is designed to meet industry needs.

PG Course Name Post Graduate Diploma (PGD)
Duration 1 – 2 Years (course & college dependent)
Eligibility Criteria Candidates with graduation from a UGC-recognized university
Study Stream Certification/Management
Admission Criteria – CAT
– Online Application (Merit)
Career Opportunities – Human Resource Manager
– Digital Marketing Manager
– International Business Consultant
– Market Research Analyst
Top Colleges – Amity University
– Chandigarh University
– SRM University

11. Doctor of Medicine (MD)

MD is a postgraduate degree in medicine, which stands for doctor of medicine. It is a 2 years specialised degree in medicine. Doctors with MDs are allopathic doctors. This means that they use standard medical instruments, such as X-rays, prescription medications, and surgery, to treat and diagnose ailments. Conventional or mainstream medicine is another term for allopathic medicine. Physicians with a general practice background can choose to practice family medicine or primary care.

PG Course Name Doctor of Medicine (MD)
Duration 2 Years
Eligibility Criteria Candidates must have received their MBBS from an accredited university with ICMR approval. Additionally, candidates must have finished the required one-year internship. MD admissions depend on the results of entrance examinations.
Study Stream Medicine
Admission Criteria – NEET PG
Career Opportunities – Doctor
– Surgeon
– Dentist
– Pharmacist
Top Colleges – All India Institute Of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) Delhi
– Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research
– Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Mullana
– Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh

PG Programmes: Admission Process 2024

Follow the admission process below to get admission into PG programmes.

  • Visit the official website for PG admission.

  • Click on the PG admission link.

  • Fill out the application form and pay the admission fee.

  • Upload the required documents.

  • Click on submit to complete the admission process.

  • Download and save the application form for future reference.

Final Takeaway

Knowing the extensive PG programmes offers insights and opportunities for personal and professional growth. Enrolling in PG programmes such as MBA, MCA, and LLM is dependent on graduation. If your graduation subject is a BA in history then you can go for an MA in history subject and so on. Whether pursuing postgraduate studies to deepen your expertise in a specific field, broaden your horizons, or elevate your career prospects, PG programmes serve as transformative platforms. With dedication and perseverance, PG programmes pave the way for fulfilling aspirations and achieving success.


Q1. What is the PG’s full form?

PG full form is postgraduate. You can pursue PG programmes after undergraduate (UG) programmes. Some of the PG courses are MBA, MCA, MA and LLM.

Q2. What does the PG class stand for?

The term “postgraduate,” or “PG,” denotes the educational level that comes after an undergraduate degree. This covers courses like master’s degrees and other comparable certificates. An undergraduate degree must typically be completed to be admitted to a postgraduate programme.

Q3. How many types of PG are there?

There are many PG courses such as Masters in Computer Applications, Masters in Business Administration, Masters in Arts, and Master of Science.

Q4. Which PG programme is best?

MBA, MCA, and M.Com are some of the PG programmes. You should decide for yourself which programme suits you best.

Q5. Who are called PG students?

Anybody enrolled in a postgraduate course, such as a master’s, MPhil, or PhD programme, is considered a postgraduate student.

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